Comparisons between the Old Testament Meaning and Practise and Future Scripture Revelation of Yom Kippur - The Day of Atonement
Old Testament Meaning
Future and Revealed Manifestation
The Holiest Day in Scripture
It’s the time when the final judgement will be made; it will be the sealing of the final book and the end of this age.
It is on this the day when only the High Priest could enter the Holy of Holies on behalf of the children of Israel.
Jesus Christ shows himself as the High Priest. He is the only one who can atone for the sins of Israel.
Every high priest is selected from among the people and is appointed to represent the people in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people. 4 And no one takes this honour on himself, but he receives it when called by God, just as Aaron was.
5 In the same way, Christ did not take on himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father.”
6 And he says in another place,
“You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.”
19 We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain, 20 where our forerunner, Jesus, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.
On the Day of Atonement two goats were required for the Holy Ceremony. They would need to be identical and purchased at the same time. The high priest would place his hands into an urn containing two lots; he laid one on the head of each goat. The high priest then tied a tongue-shaped piece of scarlet cloth to the horn of the goat for Azazel and another around the throat of the goat for YEHOVAH. The high priest now laid his hands on the remaining live goat while confessing the sins of the people and the nation, entreating YEHOVAH's mercy on His people for their iniquities, transgressions, and sins. And while the prostrate multitude worshipped, the high priest turned his face towards them as he uttered the last words, "You shall be cleansed."
Having thus isolated the sin of the people from all holy things, the High Priest now proceeds to get rid of their sin altogether. He puts both hands on the head of the live goat, recites over it all the sins of the people of Israel and thus transfers their sins to the goat. This scarlet cloth tied to the goat would change colour to white, indicating the Lord had accepted. The goat is then sent away and is lost in the wilderness. There was a man waiting in order to follow the goat and see that it was successfully lost. The word Azazel derived from the root meaning is 'wholly to put aside,' or, 'wholly to go away.'
The meaning here is that the two goats formed the same sacrifice. One was innocent and pure representing Yehovah, while the other was the guilt offering where all the sins of Israel were placed. The scapegoat released into the desert was to be “put aside,” a type of temporary holding until the full price could be paid once and for all by Jesus Christ on the cross of Calvary. The two types of atonement (the two goats) became one at the crucifixion.
Although not contained in original Jewish instruction, it is recorded that:
Azazel was also referred to as the place to which the goat was sent. It meant, “Jagged rocks, precipice,” and later this word came to refer to a “desert demon.” The Rabbis were very clear that the goat was in no way a gift to Azazel or to Semjaza (Sammael), the chief of the Fallen Angels, nor a bribe to him not to make their offerings void or to falsely accuse Israel. It was not a sacrifice since it was not slaughtered. It was “sent away by God’s command”. God chooses the goat that was sent away to Azazel.
Thus this goat will finally carry the sins of the people, and be banished into the wilderness. This corresponds to a picture of the fate of Satan when he is cast into the bottomless pit.
The manifestation of the full meaning of the two goats is contained in the account and trial of Jesus before Pilate contained in Matthew 27:
11 Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”
“You have said so,” Jesus replied.
12 When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer. 13 Then Pilate asked him, “Don’t you hear the testimony they are bringing against you?” 14 But Jesus made no reply, not even to a single charge—to the great amazement of the governor.
15 Now it was the governor’s custom at the festival to release a prisoner chosen by the crowd. 16 At that time they had a well-known prisoner whose name was Jesus[a] Barabbas. 17 So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, “Which one do you want me to release to you: Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?” 18 For he knew it was out of self-interest that they had handed Jesus over to him.
19 While Pilate was sitting on the judge’s seat, his wife sent him this message: “Don’t have anything to do with that innocent man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him.”
20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus executed.
21 “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?” asked the governor.
“Barabbas,” they answered.
22 “What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called the Messiah?” Pilate asked.
They all answered, “Crucify him!”
23 “Why? What crime has he committed?” asked Pilate.
But they shouted all the louder, “Crucify him!”
24 When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. “I am innocent of this man’s blood,” he said. “It is your responsibility!”
25 All the people answered, “His blood is on us and on our children!”
26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.
Thus the truths of the two ceremonial goats were manifest. First the “goat” that was innocent and pure was presented. Jesus who did not even defend himself and found blameless before Pilate. Second was the “scapegoat,” Barabbas, whom the sins of Israel were placed - “His blood is on us and on our children!”
Fortunately for these Jews and their nation, without them knowing, the first “goat,” Jesus would also be sacrificed on their behalf to carry and wash away this terrible sin if they will repent from that time until the final hour on Yom Kippur at the end of time.
Sometimes it’s difficult to understand this event, but…….
“He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.”
The term Yom Kippur is actually written not in the singular, but the plural. The name alludes to two great atonements attained through the Lord Jesus Christ.
The first is for those among the nations who turn to Jesus Christ for cleansing and forgiveness and receive salvation before Rosh Hashanah – the Feast of Trumpets.
The second for the purification of ethnic Israel during Yom Adonai when all of Israel will be saved, the great day of the Lord at the end of days.
At Rosh Hashanah the destiny of the righteous are written in the “Book of Life” and the destiny of the wicked written in the “Book of Death.”
This is the closing of the “Age of Grace!” After this the gates of heaven are opened and the transfigured Bride has entered, the gates of heaven are closed. This is how serious and conclusive this day is.
Yom Kippur also takes into account most people who fit neither of these classifications. They have ten days from the beginning of Rosh Hashanah to the end of the Day of Atonement to repent before the final sealing of all humanity’s fate. From the end of Rosh Hashanah (two day feast) to the beginning of the Day of Atonement, there are seven days. This directly correlates with the seven year tribulation or the time of “Jacobs’s trouble.”
This is exclusively for a time when God will deal with Israel for one last time because of his word and promise to this nation throughout time. This will also include Gentiles who had not accepted Christ before the Rapture. The gates of heaven are however closed; the Bride of Christ has gone from the earth.
Matthew 24 says of this time:
21 For then there will be great distress, unequalled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equalled again.
On Yom Kippur every soul's name will be written in one of the two books mentioned. This is where Yom Kippur ends the forty days of the “Season of Teshuvah.”
This is 30 days of Elul – the period of repentance we are in now. A period of time spiritually governed by “Grace.”
Then the Rapture. From the beginning Rosh Hashanah to the end of the Day of Atonement there are ten days, thus totalling forty days in all.
At the final judgement on the day of Atonement, those that the Lord has redeemed (Jew and Gentile) will have their names written in the book of life.
Once this is done, along with the final judgement of all of humanity that have not accepted salvation and the divine price paid, those living in Israel will be saved, the King of Kings – Melech Malchei Ha-Melachim will be crowned at his coronation. This will be the mark and beginning of his Rule on earth during the millennium rule predicted. It’s a time when he will dwell with his people again.
As the bride has already been established, it is most unlikely that those saved during this tribulation period will have a glorified body. Their bodies are certain to attain the new ability to now live for a thousand years as they are allowed to live on into the millennium. This would coincide with God’s earlier provision for man to live for a thousand years after expulsion from the Garden of Eden. The reason for this conclusion is that procreation of humanity will continue during this millennium period. If current believers (the Bride) are changed to be like Jesus Christ at the rapture, in the form of a “life giving spirit – glorified bodies,” then they surely cannot procreate on the earth with humans. This will be the privilege for those who turn to the Lord during the period of Tribulation.
It is also understood that on Yom Kippur it is the only day that Satan cannot accuse Israel before God. His number in the coded Gematria is 364. It is believed that this alludes to him being able to accuse only for 364 days a year, but not on the 365th day, which is Yom Kippur.
This is a day Satan is rendered powerless and is thrown into the pit when the great High Priest (Jesus Christ) returns at this time. Revelation 20 describes this perfectly:
20 And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. 2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. 3 He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time.
4 I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5 (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years.
Events of the Yom Kippur - The Day of Atonement
If the truths of God contained in His Word are known, then the following will occur in manifestation to the design of the “Day of Atonement.”
• The Lord, Jesus Christ will return to earth at his second coming as High priest at this time and forever.
• On this day all of Israel will be saved and those who have turned to him during the time of “Jacob’s Trouble” which is Tribulation, the seven year period from the end of Rosh Hashanah, the rapture of the Bride of Christ to the final judgement.
• The final judgement of all those alive at that time will be made, the final “book of life and of death” compiled and sealed for ever.
• Those that are found righteous at this time cannot enter heaven as the gates have been closed at Rosh Hashanah. It is felt they will not take a glorified body but are privileged to live on into the Millennium rule of Christ on earth and repopulate the earth. Those that were martyred during Tribulation will also be raised and will also live in the Millennium and will rule with Christ.
• The devil and his entourage will be cast into the bottomless pit and those who have not accepted Christ will be thrown into Hades.