Comparisons between the Old Testament Meaning and Practise and Future Scripture Revelation of Shemini Atzeret also known as Yom Tov and Simchat Torah (Rejoicing in the Torah) - The New and Final Dispensation of the New Heaven and the New Earth
Old Testament Meaning
Future and Revealed Manifestation
The seven days that end with Hoshana Rabba are immediately followed by another holiday or event, Shemini Atzeret. It is also known as the “Eighth day of Assembly.” It is better known as God asking all who made the pilgrimage of Sukkot to tarry another day.
The eighth day is always a day of new creation. Jesus Christ arose on the eighth day, creating a new order, where all believers are promised resurrection as he was resurrected when he became the “First Fruit of Resurrection.” Those believers in God, who died before his death and resurrection and all believers thereafter during the “Age of Grace,” whether they had died or were alive at the time of the Rapture, will live on for eternity. On the eighth day, the day after tribulation ends at Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, comes Sukkot or the Feast of Tabernacles, which is the new creation of the Millennium Rule of Christ on earth and a new dispensation of life on earth. The significance of Shemini Atzeret on the eighth day is identical in purpose once again in ushering in a new creation. This time it is the last and final dispensation for all eternity! It is the day when the New Heaven and the New Earth are formed and the New Jerusalem comes down from God out of heaven.
The word Atzeret comes from the word Atzar which means to “to collect or to store.”
Shemini Atzeret suggests remaining or abiding an extra day with the Lord beyond the seven days of fullness of Sukkot, the Millennium. In this context Shemini Atzeret pictures the “eternal state of perfection” - The Day of the New Heaven and the New Earth. Simply, staying an extra day equates to eternity!
New Heaven and a New Earth
17 “See, I will create new heavens and a new earth. The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind. 18 But be glad and rejoice forever in what I will create, for I will create Jerusalem to be a delight and its people a joy. I will rejoice over Jerusalem and take delight in my people; and take delight in my people; the sound of weeping and of crying will be heard in it no more.
New Heaven and a New Earth
21 Then I saw “a new heaven and a new earth,”[a] for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. 2 I saw the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Look! God’s dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4 ‘He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death’ [b] or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.”
5 He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”
6 He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life. 7 Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children. 8 But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars—they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death.”
The New Jerusalem, the Bride of the Lamb
9 One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God. 11 It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. 12 It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. 13 There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. 14 The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
15 The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. 16 The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia[c] in length, and as wide and high as it is long. 17 The angel measured the wall using human measurement, and it was 144 cubits[d] thick.[e] 18 The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass. 19 The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth onyx, the sixth ruby, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth turquoise, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst.[f] 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of gold, as pure as transparent glass.
22 I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendor into it. 25 On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there. 26 The glory and honor of the nations will be brought into it. 27 Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.
In Israel, Shimini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are celebrated on the same day, thus inferring they are celebrating one event. Due to the diaspora of the Israelis (scattered across the earth), those outside Israel have celebrated these two events on two different days. The meaning of Simchat Torah is that the Torah is systematically read and recited throughout the year until it is complete. The day after completion of all the readings and recitals is celebrated Simchat Torah, rejoicing in the completion of one cycle of the entire Torah – “the joy of the Torah!” Then begins the new cycle of another year of reading and recital. Further meanings reveal – “Let us rejoice.” If the root meaning is pursued, it also means “circle.” From this a dance is done called a “circle dance” or the “Hakafah.”
The final state of perfection on the earth has come about! The Torah is the Lord Jesus Christ, the Messiah manifest before all. This is clarified perfectly in the gospel of John:
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. 4 In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
6 There was a man sent from God whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all might believe. 8 He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light.
9 The true light that gives light to everyone was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. 11 He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him. 12 Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God— 13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.
14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
15 (John testified concerning him. He cried out, saying, “This is the one I spoke about when I said, ‘He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.’”) 16 Out of his fullness we have all received grace in place of grace already given. 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.
All joy and rejoicing has come that all can worship the fullness of him and the fullness of God will dwell with us forever. Thus, fulfilling Simchat Torah.
22 Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2 down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. 3 No longer will there be any curse. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him. 4 They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. 5 There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever.
The Bride, those who have received Jesus Christ as savior and been born-again before the rapture, will live in the New Heaven and the New Jerusalem with the Bridegroom. Those who have been redeemed during the tribulation, and those redeemed during the millennium will live on in the nations. They will have access to the New Jerusalem and will be able to go in and out. They will worship the Lamb and our God. They will be in the continual presence of God who will dwell with them, even his very light from his radiance will cover them and no longer will there be light from the sun. There will be no sin, no imperfection, continuous bliss. It’s the new and final dispensation.
Once a shadow foretelling of final completion, the Hakafah, is now fully complete and manifest.
Hence the circle of time is complete, now the new circle, one full of joy and rejoicing forever and ever and ever. We will worship the lamb and our God and will continue to learn and know him from dimension to dimension.