Comparisons between the Old Testament Meaning and Practise and Future Scripture Revelation of Sukkot - Feast of Tabernacles
Old Testament Meaning
Future and Revealed Manifestation
The Sukkah is used to remember the huts that Israel lived in during their forty year journey (the Exodus) in the desert after leaving Egypt. To commemorate this, hastily made huts were constructed where meals were eaten throughout the festival of seven days. After the forty years, Israel entered the Promised Land the Lord swore to them.
Once Israel, its people and those from other nations who have repented and accepted Christ, the millennium begins. The forty days here represents the time of Teshuvah – but especially those that have survived the last part of Teshuvah - Tribulation. Now they enter the promised land – the millennium foretold. The Bride of Christ, those with glorified bodies, will rule with Christ during this time.
It also became known as the Festival of Ingathering. During the ceremony the people performed special “wave” ceremonies.
It is the final “ingathering.” This is the last of humanity in this current age to receive salvation in Jesus Christ. It’s the last of the final harvest.
9 After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands. 10 And they cried out in a loud voice:
“Salvation belongs to our God, who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb.”
11 All the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures. They fell down on their faces before the throne and worshiped God, 12 saying:
“Amen! Praise and glory and wisdom and thanks and honor and power and strength be to our God for ever and ever. Amen!”
13 Then one of the elders asked me, “These in white robes—who are they, and where did they come from?”
14 I answered, “Sir, you know.”
And he said, “These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 Therefore,
“they are before the throne of God and serve him day and night in his temple; and he who sits on the throne will shelter them with his presence.
16 ‘Never again will they hunger;
never again will they thirst.
The sun will not beat down on them,’ nor any scorching heat.
17 For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd;
‘he will lead them to springs of living water.’
‘And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.’
Why is there a “wave” ceremony? It’s to proclaim the coming King. This signifies the coming King at the end of days, his “second coming.” Jesus did come unto his people during his “first coming.” The people received him initially as the Messiah and King. This is covered in Matthew and fulfils the prophecy of Zachariah:
As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. Untie them and bring them to me. 3 If anyone says anything to you, say that the Lord needs them, and he will send them right away.”
4 This took place to fulfil what was spoken through the prophet:
5 “Say to Daughter Zion,
‘See, your king comes to you,
gentle and riding on a donkey,
and on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’”[a]
6 The disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt and placed their cloaks on them for Jesus to sit on. 8 A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted,
“Hosanna[b] to the Son of David!”
“Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”[c]
“Hosanna[d] in the highest heaven!”
10 When Jesus entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred and asked, “Who is this?”
11 The crowds answered, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee.”
Moses was said to have ascended Mt. Sinai at the beginning of Elul and waited on the mountain with God forty days before returning on Yom Kippur. Solomon also dedicated the temple on Sukkot, when his presence fell among the worshipers.
Teshuvah follows this pattern, a period of 40 days from the initial time of Elul (unto repentance) until this last period of returning to the Lord through repentance ends on the Day of Atonement.
Sukkot represents the time of restored fellowship with God. The Mishkan (the tent or tabernacle) and later the temple that was built represents God’s presence dwelling amongst his people.
44 “So I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests. 45 Then I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God. 46 They will know that I am the Lord their God, who brought them out of Egypt so that I might dwell among them. I am the Lord their God.
The Festival of Sukkot is the time that celebrated “all the Lord has done for us!” The end of this present age on earth. It is also understood prophetically that the seven days (Olam Haba), the world to come and this is the one thousand year Millennium Kingdom Age. It is also believed that Jesus was born during Sukkot. This could explain the scripture in “the word became flesh and tabernacle with us!”
In John it tells in the Millennium Kingdom that the Messiah will again tabernacle with man when he rules from Zion. This festival therefore represents a time of renewed fellowship with God. Hence, restored fellowship with God’s people, Israel! Now Jesus Christ, the Messiah, will tabernacle with his people again on earth. Once again the Jewish descendants will become priests unto our God as they were initially charged to do.
Sukkot is celebrated for a period of seven days.
39 “‘So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the LORD for seven days; the first day is a day of sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of sabbath rest. 40 On the first day you are to take branches from luxuriant trees—from palms, willows and other leafy trees—and rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. 41 Celebrate this as a festival to the LORD for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 Live in temporary shelters for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters 43 so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.’”
This represents the one thousand year millennium. It is also known as the “Season of Joy.” Jesus Christ, the Messiah, will rule and reign and the devil and his hordes will be bound in the abyss.
And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. 2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. 3 He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time.
Peace and joy return to the earth during this change on earth. Man’s life span will no longer be three score and ten; they will initially revert to the conditions after the garden of Eden, where they can live for a thousand years and then in the New Heaven and the New Earth forever because of the “tree of life” restored once again in their presence – Jesus Christ the Messiah. Even the animal Kingdom will be restored during this period where the wolf will lie with the lamb.
Commentary from Judaism
6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling[a] together; and a little child will lead them.
7 The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox.
8 The infant will play near the cobra’s den, and the young child will put its hand into the viper’s nest.
9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.